Alicia and Mandy are accompanying their 3-year-old daughter, Esther, during her stay at the local children’s hospital for a displaced fracture of the left femur as the result of a pedestrian versus motor vehicle accident. Esther is in traction until such time that she can receive surgery to place orthopedic appliances to stabilize the fractured femur. (Learning Objectives 5 and 6)
- What are some of the pain assessment or rating scales the nurse can utilize with Esther?
- What are some nonpharmacologic interventions the nurse can utilize to manage pain in Esther?
- What is the nurse’s role in pharmacologic pain management for Esther?